A Permanent Exhibit

"The Republic of the Marshall Islands and the United States: A Strategic Partnership"

The History of the RMI's Bilateral Relationship with the United States

1. Introduction   2.WWII   3.Trust Territory   4. Nuclear Testing 5. Testing Effects 6. Resettlement 7. Constitution 8. RMI HOMEPAGE

Introduction

The bilateral relationship between the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the United States of American is based on a unique and historical friendship. As nations with common commitments to world peace and security, the Marshall Islands and the U.S. initiated a strategic relationship in the aftermath of World War II. The partnership has evolved from the Trusteeship and the Cold War period of nuclear weapons testing to a modern relationship based on a shared commitment to democratic principles.

History Of The U.S. Nuclear Testing Program In The R.M.I.

The United States conducted the U.S. Nuclear Testing Program (NTP) in the Marshall Islands between 1946 and 1958. In those twelve years, the U.S. detonated 67 nuclear bombs in and around the land, air, and water of the Marshall Islands. The bombs had a total yield of 108,496 kilotons, over 7,200 times more powerful than the atomic weapons used during World War II. In 1952, the U.S. conducted the world's first thermonuclear detonation, the Mike Shot on Enewetak Atoll. The most famous test, the Bravo shot, detonated at Bikini Atoll on March 1, 1954, was a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb more than 1,000 times as powerful as the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. From its $20 billion investment in the NTP, the U.S. gained a much more sophisticated understanding of nuclear weapons and the health effects of exposure to excessive doses of radioactive fallout. Consequently, the U.S. bolstered its military and political position in the early years of the Cold War.